Essay on village panchayat Answer Number 1
Essay on village panchayat: India has accepted democracy as its form of government. Our country has democratic socialism. In such a society, there is individual liberty. This combination of socialism and democracy is a good example of how to combine the best of both. Through periodic elections, the Government of India has taken steps toward forming panchayat for every village. Village panchayat are designed to give power to local representatives and decentralize it. They are free to do their work as they normally would. This system gives rural areas self-government. The Government assists them at a distance. The Government is making urgent efforts to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the panchayat Raj system. The executive and financial power of the village panchayat is held by the Executive. After enacting the 73rd Constitution Amendment Act, the government of India granted a constitutional sanction for panchayat Raj.
Mahatma Gandhi, our beloved leader, clearly and forcefully presented the idea of Panchayat Raj. For it to become a reality, he stressed the importance of identifying its key features. Panchayat Raj is about bringing democracy to the people. This was to transfer power to people who live in remote villages, and to bring the most vulnerable sections of society into national mainstream.
Panchayat Raj is the greatest gift we have to democracy and freedom. It allows people to govern themselves and be governed with their consent. The panchayat Raj system allows the people to take part in all meetings and make collective decisions about matters that affect their lives and destinies. Villagers in free India have the freedom to form their own government, which encourages them and helps them see the possibilities for development. Panchayat Raj gives people the opportunity to take part in their social and economic transformation. This system helps to reduce the economic inequalities between the wealthy and the poor. This system also includes socialism, as well as the right to work within the democratic framework.
Village panchayat are empowered and authorized to create plans according to the guidelines and conditions set by the State Government. The Government sets the norms, taking into consideration the needs and priorities of the people. The Village Panchayat oversees the implementation of all development plans. These schemes address the main economic issues, namely agriculture, land improvement, irrigation, and agricultural reform in rural areas. It also includes the diversification of rural economies into animal husbandry and poultry farms, as well as dairies, fisheries, and other agricultural activities. The plan includes mainly small-scale industrial activities, which will be conducted in rural areas. The Village Panchayat is responsible for addressing rural issues such as housing, electricity, and drinking water.
The Panchayat is responsible for administering poverty-alleviation programs in villages. They are also responsible for education, health, welfare, culture, family welfare, as well as child development programs. Village Panchayat is responsible for social welfare for all the poorer and handicapped. They. They play an important role in the public distribution system. This is vital for the survival and well-being of the poorest and weakest members of society.
Cooperation is a way to make the village a productive farming system, improve land management, and set a limit on land holdings. Panchayat is authorized to grant surplus land to the landless residents of the village. Panchayat arranges for the cultivation of surplus land. Under the collective farming system, farmers receive only wages. The village’s development works are supported by production.
Our democracy has reached a point where rural people are able to participate fully in determining their destiny. India is a country where most people live in villages. Without the development of villages, it is impossible to make tangible progress in India. Panchayat Raj is best to ensure maximum democracy and devolution to the village people. Panchayat Raj, a well-designed scheme that places power in the hands and control of the grassroots, is Panchayat Raj. They are free to use their power for their own prosperity and upliftment. Panchayat Raj in a free India is a suitable system. It should be promoted further. Socialism will only be possible if people work honestly and with sincere intentions.
Essay on village panchayat Answer Number 2
Village Panchayat, a committee that manages mall projects, is an elected committee made up of Village Sabha members.
The name suggests that the Panchayat should consist of five members, but in reality, it varies from one state to the next.
After the Village Sabha has elected the Village Panchayat members, the Village Panchayat members elect a head from their ranks. This is known as the Sarpanch. He is also known as the Tradhan’. He is the President of the Panchayat.
The Panchayat meetings are called by the Sarpanch and they are presided over by the Sarpanch.
There are some mandatory functions that the Panchayat must perform. These include sanitation and public health as well as the construction of roads, tree planting, water supply for villages, and making sure there is clean drinking water.
We manage the village market and dispensary, hold village fairs, and supply good seeds and fertilizers for farmers among the many voluntary functions of Panchayat.
Now, in certain states, such as Punjab, additional duties are being allotted and powers are given to Panchayat, such as checking village schools and hospitals/dispensaries to ensure the regular attendance and presence of teachers, and doctors, nurses, and other staff during duty hours, etc. Additional funds are also available to them.
The Panchayat Secretary is a salaried employee. He is responsible for maintaining records and preparing accounts for the Panchayat.
Essay on village panchayat Answer Number 3
In India, the history of the village panchayat is long. Vedic India was the first country to recognize the importance of a village community. The functioning of Panchayats was free from interference by the rulers.
A Panchayat was composed of elected members, and its head was elected from among them. According to the established procedure, a woman could be elected a member.
Panchayats had both executive and judiciary powers. These powers included:
(i) Land distribution among the inhabitants of the village.
(iii) Tax collection from the procedure of land.
(iii). Inquiry into offenses, and punishment of offenders.
If any village was concerned, the rules were to be interpreted as if the village Panchyat had a say.
The duties and powers that Panchyat had were outlined in the smritis as well as in treatises like Chanakya’s Arthasastra or shukracharya’s Nitisatra. The autonomy of the Panchayat was maintained until the time of the Turkish invasion and the Afghan invasion.
Panchayats were less important and more recognizable by the time British rule was established in India. In 1869, the government of Bombay established a District Local Fund. This was the first attempt by the British at establishing local self-government. This was a nominated entity.
Lord Ripon, in 1882, established Indian self-government through the establishment of local boards and district councils. Marathwada was the birthplace of district boards and Vidarbha saw the establishment of district councils and district councils.
In 1889, the local self-government Act was passed. It established a system whereby local administration was controlled by a number of circles made up of certain villages.
The Bombay village Panchayat Act 1920 was the next piece of legislation. The Act created an elected body for the Panchayats. The adult male villager members elected the Panchayat and were entrusted with civil functions. The Panchayat was authorized to collect mandatory house taxes.
The 1920 Bombay Village Panchayat Act gave village Panchayats the ability to engage in various activities, including social-economic functions. They also had the power to levy heavy taxes and duties to increase their income.
Lord Ripon revived Panchayats in 1882. However, they didn’t represent the will of the people. A panchayat can’t be considered to be equivalent to local self-government.
The process of decentralization was still in place after independence. The Panchayat Raj Act in Bihar was passed in 1948. In Rajasthan, the Panchayat Act 1953 was adopted.
Following 1956’s reorganization, laws were slowly enacted to implement the Panchayat system in various stators. This was nearly completed in Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh as well as Madras, Mysore (Orissa), Madhya Pradesh (Madras), Madras, Mysore, Orissa, Punjab, Rajasthan, Utter Pradesh, and Bombay.
Producers were given the Bombay Village Panchayats Act to help them seek legal redress through judicial court. These lengthy and complicated procedures can also be very expensive. Many new and faster ways to settle disputes quickly and cheaply have been developed.
Lok Adalat 1958 is one such method. The Act allows a district village to be under the supervision and control of village Panchayats. However, these Mandals were abolished in 1962.
Aside from the enactment in different states, Article 40 of the Constitution of India provides a directive that says “The State shall take steps for organizing village Panchayats to allow them to function as units of self-government.”
The new law created a Gram Sabha consisting of adult residents of the village. It was made mandatory for Panchayats that meetings be held within two months of the beginning of each financial year. They also have to prepare an annual statement to be presented before the meeting.
This meeting also needed to receive the administrative report, proposed development programs, adult reports, compliance with adult objections, and other matters. Some states gave Panchayats the responsibility for collecting land revenue and maintaining village records. The Group Nyaya Panchayats was established, but they were later abolished.
The Panchayats had mainly civil obligations, that is, they made provisions for sanitation, street lights, and drinking water. The discretionary functions included agriculture, cooperation, and animal husbandry. They also covered education and buildings, communication, irrigation, cottage industries, self-defense, and other administrative and development work.
Zilla Parishads and Panchayat Samitis oversee village Panchayats and are responsible for their supervision. Through the Collector of the District, the state government has direct control over Panchayats. The state government appoints district Panchayat officers, who are under Zilla Parishads to oversee and control village Panchayats.
However, there is no mechanism for the public to voice their grievances or control malpractice in Zilla Parishads. Vested interests in government have been known to shelter corrupt elements within the system since the beginning.
The government’s control over the institution has rarely been effective, and the poor at the grassroots level have yet to benefit from the Panchyati Raj system.
Part IX, which consists of Articles 234 to 244, was created by the Constitution (73 amendments), Act, 1992. This applies to Panchayats and provides inter-alia that:
(i) Every Panchayat will be a constitutional entity. The State Election Commission will hold elections to the Panchayat.
(iii) Reservations for women and the weaker sections of society have been made obligatory.
(iii). The term of Panchayats lasts for five years. Elections must be held within six months if any Panchayat is disbanded before the expiration date.
(iv) State governments may pass a law that empowers Panchayats to exercise such power and authority as is necessary for them to function as institutions for self-government. Such law could also include provisions for devolution of responsibility to Panchayats in respect of the preparation and planting of economic development and social justice, including matters in the Eleventh Schedule.
(v) Panchayats may be authorized by the state governments to levy, collect, and appropriate taxes and duties tolls. They can provide grants or fund Panchayats.
(vi) A state legislature may make provisions regarding the Panchayats’ maintenance of accounts and their auditing.
(viii) The Governor has created a new body, the State Finance Commission. Its mission is to examine Panchayats’ financial situation and make recommendations to the Governor regarding the distribution of net proceeds of taxes between Panchayats states and Panchayats, as well as grants-in-aid from Panchayats to the Consolidated Fund of state. Also, it will recommend to the Governor the best ways to improve Panchayats’ financial position.
(viii) At the moment, the provisions of the amendment won’t apply to certain areas, such as the states and territories of Nagaland and Meghalaya, and Mizoram. These areas can be included under the Act if the states so wish.